The term pigmentation literally means colouring. Skin pigmentation is a condition that affects the colour of a person’s skin. The skin gets its colour from a pigment called melanin that is made by special cells. The melanin production gets affected when these cells get damaged or unhealthy. Some pigmentation disorders may give patches on skin while others affect the entire body.
In case when the body makes too much melanin the skin gets darker and the reasons include Pregnancy, Addison’s disease, and sun exposure. When the body makes too little melanin the skin gets lighter. The various reasons that lead to this include Vitiligo and Albinism. But the best part is that you can get these skin conditions treated to look normal and beautiful.
Skin Types & Pigmentations That Can Be Treated With laser Treatment
Only fair skin people can be treated for pigmentation. Laser treatment can treat solar lentigos (sun spots), melasma (chloasma), and freckles. One of the most common types of skin pigmentations among the three is Solar Lentigos.
Are you an ideal candidate for laser pigmentation treatment?
If you have uneven skin with light or dark patches anywhere on your body then you may consider laser pigmentation treatment. Yet not everyone should try this treatment as there are some factors that need to be considered. These factors include skin type and pigmentation, previous burns or scars, allergies, and medical disorders. Skin pigmentation is a big concern with many prospective patients. If patients have the herpes virus infection and are prone to breakouts, this treatement could worsen the condition. You are an ideal candidate if you:
- Have skin pigmentation on any part of your body
- Wish to get rid of patches to have an even skin
- Are 18 years or older
- In good physical and mental health
Laser Pigmentation Removal Procedure
In this technique laser is used to remove skin pigmentation and it is a non-surgical procedure. No numbing injection or anaesthesia needs to be given to the patient considering that it is a laser treatment. The eyes are covered with goggles and a thin layer of gel is applied to the area that had to be treated. The affected area is exposed to high pulses of light, using a VP hand piece which increases the temperature in that particular area of skin. The laser then shatters the cells that contain excess melanin. These cells are naturally replaced with new cells containing normal amount of melanin. This procedure also helps remove age spots, freckles and brown birth marks.
Risks of Laser Pigmentation Removal Procedure
While laser treatment is known as one of the most effective non-surgical treatment for pigmentation, there are some risks involved as well. If laser treatment is not done properly, it can seriously damage your eyes and can even cause burns from laser exposure that can even lead to permanent blindness. Since laser treatment increases the temperature of your skin, it can even heat up to damaging temperatures and cause blisters, redness and burning. However, if you get the treatment done from a good clinic at the hands of experts, these risks can be eliminated.
Once the treatment is done, your skin may appear red and slightly swollen for the first 24 hours. The patient should be extra careful in the initial hours of the treatment and avoid use of fragranced skin products or makeup, avoid excessive sun exposure, and make sure to use a sunscreen with 30 SPF or higher if going outdoors. For at least four weeks after the laser treatment, avoid any further procedures.