Cleft lip and cleft palate are birth defects that occur early in pregnancy. As a result a baby’s lip or mouth do not form properly during pregnancy. Due to clefting, there is shortage of tissue in the mouth so the available tissue does not join together. A cleft lip may just affect one side of the lip or both. It can range from a small notch to a wide gap that reaches the nose. A cleft palate on the other hand is a notch in the mouth. Book and Appointment today to discuss the case with Dr Sobti.
We provide the primary cleft treatment for them as well as correction of residual deformities.
- Cleft Of The Lip
- Correction Of The Deformity
- Scar Reduction
- Creation Of Adequate And Symmetric Vermilion
- Correction Of Nose Deformity Due To Cleft Lip And Mid-facial Defect
Who Gets Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate?
Cleft lip can occur with or without cleft palate and it affects one in 700 infants every year. Besides, it is the fourth most common defect in the US. The natives that record the maximum number of cleft defects are Asian, Latino, or Native American descent. The cleft defect both with and without a cleft palate occurs twice in boys than girls. Girls have cleft palate without a cleft lip twice in girls than boys.
What Causes a Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate?
The casue of this defect is not known and it cannot be prevented. Most researchers think clefts are due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The chances of cleft defect increase if a sibling or parent has had the same defect.
Another potential cause is thought to be medication a mother may have taken during her pregnancy. Some drugs such as acne drugs containing Accutane, and methotrexate, anti-seizure/anticonvulsant drugs, a drug commonly used for treating cancer, arthritis, and psoriasis.
Problems Associated With Cleft Lip and/or Palate
- Eating problems. Because of a separation or opening in the palate, meals can pass back through the nose from the mouth. Fortunately, there are some specially designed baby bottles and nipples that can help keep fluids flowing downward toward the stomach.
- Ear infections/hearing loss. Children with cleft palate are more likely to have ear infections as they are more prone to fluid build-up in the middle ear. Ear infections can cause hearing loss if left untreated.
- Speech problems. This defect may also result in speech problems. These children’s voices don’t carry well, the voice may take on a nasal sound, and the speech may be difficult to understand. Not all children have these problems and surgery may fix these problems entirely for some. For others, a special doctor, called speech pathologist, will work with the child to resolve speech difficulties.
Treatment for Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate
A cleft lip’s surgery depends on the extent of repair required and it may need one or two surgeries. A baby is given initial surgery when the child is 3 months old. A cleft palate’s repairing requires multiple surgeries over the course of 18 years. The first surgery is usually performed at the age of 6 and 12 months.
The initial surgery reduces the chances of fluid development in the middle ears by creating a functional palate. It also aids in the proper development of the teeth and facial bones. Once the permanent teeth grow in, braces are often needed to straighten the teeth.
The appearance of the lip and nose can be improved with additional surgery. These can close openings between the mouth and nose, stabilize and realign the jaw and help breathing. The scars left by the initial surgery can be removed with the help of surgery which is performed in adolescence.
Other facial surgery procedures you can avail at Amulya Cosmetic Surgery Clinic :
- Nose Reshaping Surgery – Rhinoplasty
- Lip Reshaping and Augmentation
- Pigmentation reduction treatment using Laser
- Face Rejuvenation Treatment
- Chin Reshaping surgery and Chin Implants in Delhi
- Facial Scar Removal